There is a big difference between being a leader and being a manager, leadership and management are completely different in concept, method and even methodology and tasks, so it is frustrating when most people mix and use the two words in place of each other or treat them as if there is no difference between them, so we decided in Winners to dedicate a comprehensive article On the difference between a manager and a leader.
Who is the manager?
A manager is a person who holds an organizational position in an organization, company, or business, and is usually referred to as the person who performs the functions of management, namely: planning, organizing, and controlling.
But usually the manager is not a leader, he is mainly concerned with organizing the work and reaching the company’s goals in the traditional agreed ways without taking any risks, and this is the difference between the manager and the leader, as the leader is more concerned with setting the vision for the work.
A boss is someone you know well, often your boss; Who divides the usual roles and tasks, and his job is to achieve the company's desired results through pre-established laws, regulations, and regulations.
It keeps the working system as stable and stable as it was, and there is no disruption to it of any kind even if it is for the purpose of trying another improved or better system, but it is not tested.
Unfortunately, many managers get into a big bind. Because their job is focused on rules and regulations, they usually neglect the human side to a great extent.
You find that some of them do not know their subordinates sufficiently, and do not take into account their conditions and the circumstances they are going through, as they deal with a rigid system and with a specific timetable that they should not violate for any reason.
Here, the difference between the manager and the leader is that the manager has the necessary power and powers to control those who work under him. He does not need to make them feel the importance of what they do or motivate them to do.
Rather, he only makes them do it out of his power over them and their fear of losing their jobs or being subjected to penalties of any kind, while the leader depends on the influence and motivation around him to make them willing to perform those tasks and not just obliged to do them.
What are the duties of a manager?
It is possible to address the tasks performed by the manager if we generalize and summarize them into three basic tasks, which are:
1. Implementation of the company's plan or vision
The manager can address the company’s plan or vision, divide it into strategic steps or into parts, and then work on implementing it within a specific timetable. In short, he transfers the plan from paper to reality, and the manager also supervises and evaluates the implementation of this plan.
2. Ability to direct and manage
Managers can follow up on work developments on a daily basis, and direct and manage all individuals who work under them, regardless of their number and tasks, so that work is carried out on time according to the plan and with the required efficiency, and for this they often make many adjustments as needed and according to what they see, but within Specific framework of rules and laws.
3. Laying down laws, regulations and rules for work
By being aware of all the details of the work and the problems that occur during the implementation of the tasks, he can set the regulations and rules that the employees are bound by so that they do not make the same mistakes again, or even not to make future mistakes, and the manager also has other similar powers It is related to rewarding or punishing his employees.
Who is the leader?
A leader is someone who can manage or lead a group of people without even having any administrative authority or authority over them.
In short, anyone can be a leader regardless of his job position. The authority of a leader stems from his personality, his influence on the people around him, and his passion for what he does that drives the people around him to comply with what he says.
A leader focuses on the task at hand and the purpose of its performance, unlike a manager who focuses on how and when to do the task without thinking about the purpose behind it.
Usually the leader is associated with the concepts of creativity and innovation, and the ability to move the work or business to other advanced stages through high risks and investment in employees.
What are the most important characteristics of a leader?
Leaders have many characteristics that distinguish them from managers, and make them able to make major changes in companies and institutions, and these characteristics are:
1. The ability to form a vision for the future
Leaders have the unique ability to foresee the future, and work to achieve future profits even at the expense of the present moment. Many famous leaders such as Jeff Bezos and Elon Musk have been making huge losses for a large number of years until they have made many billions according to their vision.
One of the most important characteristics in the personalities of leaders is their passion and their ability to inspire those around them and charge them with the desire to perform what is required of them out of motivation and influence, not fear or power, and these leadership skills make leaders able to raise the efficiency and effectiveness of employees to insane levels.
3. The ability to make a difference
The ability of leaders to change is amazing. While the primary function of managers is to maintain the status quo and the system as it is, leaders are characterized by the ability to come up with new solutions and systems that are more efficient to solve problems facing work or perform tasks more effectively and efficiently than traditional methods.
4. Honesty and integrity
Leaders enjoy great confidence and respect from the rest of their peers, and this is because they enjoy honesty and integrity. They do not deceive those who work with them and care for them, and do not do many vile things, such as: promising and tempting employees with promotions and salary increases to bear the pressure of work and then not fulfilling their promises.
5. Soft skills
Leaders invest in people, and to do this they need many soft skills that enable them to maintain the work environment, and one of the most important soft skills that leaders have are communication skills that enable them to understand those they work with and appreciate their potential and circumstances, and thus reach the best work system It suits them.
What is the difference between a manager and a leader?
In this part we will discuss the difference between a manager and a leader according to some practical and personal aspects:
1. The nature of the character
The manager is a rational and logical person, and prefers to perform the tasks required of him in a traditional manner, and therefore he does not take any risks at all, and tries as best he can not to deviate from the norm.
While the leader, on the contrary, is a person with a spiritual and emotional orientation, and prefers to perform the tasks required of him creatively, and therefore he breaks the rules and invents new ways and methods for solving problems, and takes many risks in order to achieve his goals.
2. The methodology of thinking and the nature of his feelings
The manager, as we said, is rational and logical, so all his decisions stem from analyzing the present and dealing with the problems of the present moment as they are.
While a leader has a mission and vision and is focused on the future and making the biggest gains in the future, he doesn't just look under his feet, and therefore thinks a lot about the reasons that drive him to do the tasks required of him.
There is another famous saying that explains the difference between a manager and a leader; Which is that the boss is doing the right thing and the leader is doing the right thing, which is very real because of the way both think and approach the problems, tasks, and even opportunities they face at work.
3. The source of his power
The difference between a manager and a leader is in the source of authority; The manager derives his authority from his position and job rank, as he has greater powers over the employees under him, and he can punish them or impose various penalties on them if they do not implement what is required of them well or if they violate the laws, and therefore the employees are usually motivated to obey him by fear of punishment.
On the other hand, the leader derives his authority from his personality, as he is not necessarily of a higher functional degree than others, but he has personal qualities that enable him to influence, influence, motivate and motivate others to perform the tasks required of them.
Therefore, the motivation of employees to obey the leader is the desire to do the tasks required of them and a sense of their importance and impact on the public good.
4. Personal Affinity
The manager does not care much about the personal closeness between himself and the employees who work under him, he often knows only their names, and knows nothing else about them and this does not concern him, because there is no room for personal closeness in the relationship of the manager and employee.
While a leader knows everything about the people they work with, from their social and personal lives, to the problems they face, leadership is based primarily on personal closeness.
5. The way it works
The inherent characteristic of the manager is discipline. The manager is persistent and determined to go about things in the traditional way stipulated in the company’s regulations and policies. He also puts the company’s interest in the first place, which may push him to put pressure on employees to achieve the company’s goals. He is serious about work and does not accept excuses.
On the other hand, the leader is characterized by the ability to be creative and innovative. He thinks and comes up with new ways and methods that are better than the old ones to solve problems with. He also creates a combination of priorities in which the interest of the company is compatible with the interest of the employees in it.
6. The nature of the tasks he performs
The difference between a manager and a leader in the nature of tasks; The manager is organizing and arranging, and he is very concerned with making the work environment like a beehive, so that there is no room for chaos or error, he keeps the situation as it is.
While the leader is the beginning of moving the company or department from one place to another, he develops new strategies that contribute to improving the work environment and results.
7. How to solve problems
The manager has a rigid and fixed mentality, and therefore he deals with problems in a systematic manner according to the foundations and rules available to him, as he, as we said before, does not go out of the ordinary.
While the leader deals with problems in a creative and innovative way that may differ from all norms and principles of the company, and this is because he is flexible and has a superior response to changes.
It is worth noting that the difference between a manager and a leader is in solving problems as well; The manager at the time of problems looks for the one who caused them and punishes him for the mistake he committed, while all the leader’s concern is to avoid this mistake from happening again, so instead of screaming and punishing, he advises and teaches.
8. His style of motivation
The manager is usually unable to motivate his employees, as he implements what is required of him without thinking about the purpose or justification, and is based on his authority and job position.
While the leader relies on motivation and charging, because his authority stems from his personality and his ability to influence those around him from his fellow employees, and this makes the leader’s work environment much more efficient and productive.
9. His decision-making style
The manager is an organized and traditional personality, and therefore he draws a clear map of the work and its stages and what is required of each stage based on what is required of him, and he is concerned with the end and the result that he will reach later, and therefore he is usually a stereotype whose tasks do not leave the fund, and his methodology is usually dependent on the company’s procedures and policies.
The leader, on the contrary, is a creative and innovative personality, so he always has ideas and plans outside the box, and he is distinguished by being able to take on new projects and discover ways that no one has taken before him, and the leader is usually interested in reaching the starting point and continuing to progress.
10. His personality and creativity
The manager is a completely practical person who has no room for creativity, he goes according to pre-prepared plans and methodologies, while the leader is a dreamy and creative person who always has new ideas and plans, and he is able to invent his own vision and foresee the future.
11. Sense of initiative
The difference between the manager and the leader is that the manager is a person who is not initiative in nature, he is authoritarian and depends on the regulations, laws and tasks required of him primarily, and he is authoritarian and guards a lot from any change he makes.
But on the other hand, the leader is an experimental person who has no objection to initiating a specific change or performing tasks in a different way.
12. The ability to make a difference
The management is usually conservative and does not like to make any change, no matter how small, because it thinks about its other consequences and other aspects that will affect it.
But the leadership's first task is to bring about a change in the work environment and the way of working to reach better gains and results, even if this requires taking high risks.
13. The nature of the relations between him and other employees
Usually the manager's relationship with those around him is based on the command and the prohibition, he tells them to do this or to stop this. While the leader's relationship with those around him is distinctive, he mainly motivates and encourages them and develops their abilities, and therefore his relationship with them is much deeper and personal.
14. Benefit methodology
The difference between a manager and a leader when it comes to utility; That the manager puts the institution or the company in the first place, whatever the outcome, he can easily exert his influence on the employees, and cause them great pressure, or make them work long hours after work.
While the leader cares about the group he works with, and tries to reconcile the interest of the company and theirs so that it does not harm them and at the same time does not harm the company.
The leader has a great ability to foresee the future, and to prepare to reap abundant profits from future opportunities. Whereas the manager usually can only look at what is under his feet, and is unable to foresee or anticipate upcoming events except through his limited experience.
Every manager is leader: Management is also very important
I do not want my words to be understood that management is an absolute evil or the antithesis of success. Management is so important that it constitutes a large part of leadership, as they say every leader is a manager, and this is because management works to organize and arrange work requirements and tasks. Usually a leader may need managers in order to To transform his vision and methodology from ideas and words on paper into reality and results.
That is why management should not be considered a negative thing, management also includes many important characteristics of any company.
The most important of these characteristics are:
1. Management means achieving 100%.
One of the advantages of management is that it is able to implement highly accurate results, as it always aims for perfection, and to achieve outstanding results that are guaranteed through a clear action plan.
2. Resolute management
While leadership may be hesitant in their choices, and may take significant time in making their final decisions, management is always firm and quick in their decisions.
3. The manager is a role model for employees
The manager is a role model for the employees working with him because of his skill in what he does, his accuracy and his amazing ability to persevere, diligence and strive to reach the desired result.
To summarize what I would like to say that a leader cannot be a leader without possessing management skills, and that the company can achieve good results by following the administrative competencies only, but unfortunately, great leaps are not made without leadership skills that invest in employees and workers as they invest in the interest of the company.
In the end, I hope you like the article, and I will be happy to answer any question or inquiry in the comments.